Hair Problems

If you are experiencing hair problems with any unknown conditions, you should read through below to find out more: –

Dandruff

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Dandruff is the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp. As skin cells die, a small amount of flaking is normal however, some people experience an unusually large amount of flaking which can also be accompanied by rashes and irritation. Dandruff is a common scalp disorder and can happen to any age, gender and ethnicity.

Causes:

  • Emotional stress, lack of rest
  • Poor personal hygiene
  • Overuse of hair products
  • Imbalance of the endocrine gland
  • Malassezia globosa fungus infection
  • Eating high-sugar, spicy or high-salt foods
  • Irregular and infrequent shampooing

Symptoms:

  • Dry, itchy and sore scalp
  • White, oily looking flakes

Oily Scalp Hair Loss

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Oily scalp is a problematic and embarrassing condition that can lead to greasy hair and appears unkempt as well as dirty. Excess oil, also known as seborrhea, is one of the most common scalp conditions. Treating your oily scalp is usually possible using home remedies and certain over-the-counter products, although in extreme cases, you may require specialized therapy. At some cases, oily scalp can cause the hair to have unpleasant odor.

Causes:

  • Overactive sebaceous glands on the scalp
  • Seborrheic dermatitis (scaling rash)
  • Daily stress & hormonal imbalance (puberty, pregnancy, menopause)
  • Infrequent shampooing
  • Too much greasy and junk foods

Symptoms:

  • Flaking (dandruff), greasy scales, plaques
  • Itchiness, inflammation (redness)
  • Dull, oily, limp & lifeless hair

Dry Scalp Hair Loss

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If your hair is thinning, lacking body, void of shine or your scalp is irritated, most probably you are having a dry scalp condition. Dry scalp is a condition where the scalp is lack of moisture and nutrition. The scalp will appear cracked, at some cases scaly and the dry flakes are always mistaken as dandruff. Dry scalp is normally red, irritating and itchy. If not treated, it is very likely the scalp will crack until it bleeds and may cause infection.

Causes:

  • Skin conditions such as Atopic Dermatitis or Psoriasis
  • Age – the older you get, the dryer your skin becomes
  • Physical or emotional stress
  • Genetic factors
  • Hormonal changes
  • Lifestyle factors, such as poor diet or smoking
  • Environmental pollution

Symptoms:

  • Itchiness, reddish patches on the scalp
  • Bleeding
  • Burning sensation or soreness
  • Dandruff-like flaking and silvery-white scale

Male Pattern Hair Loss

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Male-pattern baldness is the most common type of hair loss, affecting around half of all men by 50 years of age. It usually starts around the late twenties or early thirties and most men have some degree of hair loss by their late thirties.
Besides, male pattern baldness sufferers inherit are hair follicles with a genetic sensitivity to dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Hair follicles sensitive to DHT begin to miniaturize, shortening the lifespan of each hair follicle affected.
It generally follows a pattern of a receding hairline, followed by thinning of the hair on the crown and temples, leaving a horseshoe shape around the back and sides of the head. Sometimes it can progress to complete baldness, although this is uncommon.

Causes:

  • Genetics
  • Serious diseases & medication
  • Unhealthy lifestyle (excessive drinking, smoking, imbalanced diet)
  • Stressful events

Symptoms:

  • Hair receding to form an “M” shape
  • Single bald spot
  • Shrinking hair follicles

Female Hair Loss

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Female hair loss is a distinctive form of hair loss that occurs in women with androgenetic alopecia. Many women are affected by female hair loss. In fact, around 40% of women by age 50 show signs of hair loss and less than 45% of women actually reach the age of 80 with a full head of hair.

There is diffuse thinning of hair on the scalp due to increased hair shedding or a reduction in hair volume, or both.

Causes:

  • Aging
  • Post-natal Syndrome
  • Menstrual, Menopausal phases
  • Stress
  • Heredity
  • Compulsive plucking
  • Diet disorder

Symptoms:

  • Signs of dandruff
  • Hair prone to breakage
  • Hair thins mainly on the top and crown of the scalp. It usually starts with a widening through the center hair part.
  • The front hairline remains unaffected except for normal recession, which happens to everyone as time passes.

Post-Natal Hair Loss

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In general, very few hairs are shed during pregnancy, so your hair will often be much thicker and fuller towards the middle and end of your pregnancy. This is because raised estrogen levels keep your hair in the growing (anagen) phase for longer than usual.

However, post-natal hair loss can occur a few months after giving birth due to estrogen levels dropping back to normal.

Causes:

  • Drop in estrogen
  • Nutrients deficiency

Symptoms:

  • Hair lost last about 3 – 5 months after childbirth
  • Up to 60% of hair growth may enter into resting state
  • In more serious cases, hair loss can occur in patches

Grey Hair

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Grey Hair is a symptom of improper protein synthesis. Hair grows white when the color pigment (melanin) ceases to be produced in the hair follicle and small air spaces take its place. Pigment cells located at the base of each hair follicle produce the natural dominant color of our youth. However, as a person grows older and reaches middle age, more and more of these pigment cells die and color is lost from individual hairs. The result is that a person’s hair gradually begins to show greyer. Fifty percent of the population has about 50% gray hair at age 50, like skin; hair changes its texture with age.

Causes:

  • Natural aging process
  • Nutrients deficiency
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Psychological stress
  • Anemia or poor blood circulation

Symptoms:

  • Melanocytes stop producing pigment and the hair turns grey
  • Grey hair appears on the hair line especially on the sides
  • Thinning of hair

Ring Shape

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Ring shape is a kind of hair loss caused by an autoimmune disorder. Patch baldness or alopecia areata is found equally in both men and women. The disease can occur at any age, including childhood. The hair loss result in round bald patches on the scalp. It is an unsightly patches where it is easy to identify a person with round coin-like bald patches on the scalp.

Causes:

  • Genetics
  • Autoimmune reaction

Symptoms:

  • Small round or oval patches on the scalp
  • Mild itching, tingling or a burning sensation in the affected area
  • Thin and weak hair